Gold Rush Population

How many people lived in Colorado in 1860?

The Colorado gold rush began in 1859.  The 1860 U.S. Census reported 34,277 people living in what would soon become Colorado Territory.  For a census taker, counting miners spread out in rugged, roadless territory was a near impossible challenge. No doubt many people were missed. Some sources report as many as 50,000 people arrived in the gold fields in 1859. However, those who failed to strike it rich often returned to their homes in the East. In the 1860 count less than 15% of residents lived in towns. The people of Colorado Territory were young: 55% were between ages 15 and 24 and 38% between 25 and 44. Only 5% of residents were women and only 4% were children. Of course, no one counted the Indians.

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Published in: on July 20, 2009 at 6:00 am  Leave a Comment  
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