John L. Routt Governor of the Territory and the State

Honoring the 150th Anniversary of Colorado Territory (officially formed February 28, 1861), this series of posts offers a brief glimpse into Indian affairs during the terms of the seven territorial governors.

John L. Routt was the last Governor of Colorado Territory (1875-76) and first Governor of the State of Colorado. Like McCook, he was a former Union soldier well known by President Ulysses S. Grant, who appointed him.
          As Colorado transitioned from Territory to State, Indian Agent Henry F. Bond reported advances in education at the Los Pinos Ute Indian reservation. “The school has been as successful as could be expected, taking into consideration how lowdown in acquirements the scholars commenced. The improvement of several of the pupils is very marked. Quite a victory has been gained over the prejudices of influential members of the tribe. Members of Ouray’s family and of the families of four other prominent chiefs have attended the school. The English language is taught by constant and persevering conversation on things of which the senses take cognizance, or acts which the children can perform or see in others. Thus they learn the use of the words while they become accustomed to the sounds and the look.”

Quoted text from the Annual Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, 1875

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