College Life 1932

1930sFrom the Colorado Woman’s College Catalog 1932-1933
A Recognized Junior College with a Four-Year Conservatory of Music


If a student desires to spend a night or week-end off of the campus, it is necessary to file, two days in advance of the proposed visit, a written invitation from the people she proposes to visit and also the written permission of her parents giving the name and the address of the person or persons whom she proposes to visit. General permissions are not approved.


Tuition for all literary subjects for the year = $225.00
Charge for only one or two regular class subjects = $8.00 per semester hour

The yearly cost for books = $12.00-$20.00 depending on courses selected

Two semesters room and board for a double room = $425.00 – 475.00 per year, depending on a bath with the room or a bath down the hall.
A singe room with bath = $500.00

Campus Organizations:
Browsers – literature club
Scribblers – a writers group. Membership limited to ten women and vacancies filled based on poems, essays, dramas or short stories submitted by an applicant.
Press Club – advanced journalism students
Glee Club – 25 members selected on competitive basis
Band – newly organized that year
French Club
Spanish Club
Home Economics Association – Meetings devoted to the discussion of such subjects as make life more beautiful and housekeeping a pleasure.
B. Z. Club for students interested in biology
Pi Omega Iota – club for students preparing to be teachers
Tri Chi – for girls taking secretarial courses
International Relations Club
Art Club
Chem Club
S.I.A.C. Honorary Athletic society – Open to all students who are able to meet the endurance and scholastic requirements.
Riding Club
Pi Kappa – daughters of ministers, who call themselves “Preachers’ Kids”

Published in: on January 25, 2016 at 6:00 am  Leave a Comment  
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Year End Review

HPIM0188As we close the year 2015, here are the annual statistics for this blog (which posts every Monday morning):

8,599  Total blog views

In the past few years, views from foreign countries have increased. There were 875 foreign viewers from 69 countries in 2015. The top five countries were:

93     Russia

88     United Kingdom

85     Germany

78     Canada

68     France

The most frequent views continue to come primarily from children. Here are the most popular search topics in 2015. The first one has been in the top three for several years:

2,211     What did the Ute Indians eat?

78     Did Chipeta have children?

58     What was it like to live in a tipi (or tepee)?

Best wishes for the new year!

Christmas Dinner

family-christmas-dinnerNot sure what to serve for Christmas Dinner? Want something different? Here is a Menu for Christmas Dinner from The Boston Cooking-School Cook Book, published in 1896.

Consommé  ~  Bread Sticks

Olives  ~  Celery  ~  Salted Pecans

Roast Goose  ~  Potato Stuffing  ~  Apple Sauce

Duchess Potatoes  ~  Cream of Lima Beans

Chicken Croquettes with Green Peas

Dressed Lettuce with Cheese Straws

English Plum Pudding with Brandy Sauce

Frozen Pudding  ~  Assorted Cakes  ~  Bonbons

Crackers  ~  Cheese  ~  Café Noir


Have a Happy Holiday!

Published in: on December 21, 2015 at 6:00 am  Leave a Comment  
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Christmas 1961

Here is an excerpt from “Christmas to Me,” a 1961 Harper Lee essay that appeared in McCall’s magazine, as quoted in The Mockingbird Next Door:

“What I really missed was a memory, an old memory of people long since gone, of my grandparents’ house bursting with cousins, smilax*, and holly. I missed the sound of hunting boots, the sudden open-door gusts of chilly air that cut through the aroma of pine needles and oyster dressing. I missed my brother’s night-before-Christmas mask of rectitude and my father’s bumblebee bass humming “Joy to the World.”

What sounds and scents and sensations fill your memories of Christmases past?

*Smilax rotundifolia, known as common greenbrier, is a woody vine native to the eastern and south-central United States and to eastern Canada. Used like holly as a holiday decoration.

Published in: on December 14, 2015 at 6:00 am  Leave a Comment  
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December 7th Memories

It was President Franklin Delano Roosevelt who called December 7 “a date which will live in infamy” in his address to Congress the following day. Congress declared war against Japan and World War II began.

Also on that following day, Alan Lomax, head of the Library of Congress Archive of American Folk Song, asked colleagues across the nation to collect people’s immediate reactions to the bombing. People from all walks of life were interviewed over the next few days. Among the interviewees was a California woman then visiting her family in Dallas, Texas.

“My first thought was what a great pity that… another nation should be added to those aggressors who strove to limit our freedom. I find myself at the age of eighty, an old woman, hanging on to the tail of the world, trying to keep up. I do not want the driver’s seat. But the eternal verities–there are certain things that I wish to express: one thing that I am very sure of is that hatred is death, but love is light. I want to contribute to the civilization of the world but…when I look at the holocaust that is going on in the world today, I’m almost ready to let go…” Lena Jamison, “What A Great Pity,” December 9, 1941.

To read more of these “Man-on-the-Street interviews, go to


Published in: on December 7, 2015 at 6:00 am  Leave a Comment  
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When Flying Was New

Wright1909-bOn a recent visit to the Hill Aerospace Museum at Hill Airforce Base, a 1919 poster for the U.S. Army Air Service caught my attention. It was a list of Flying Regulations for daring pilots of those early day two seater, open cockpit,  double wing planes.

#26 “It is advisable to carry a good pair of piers in a position where both pilot and passenger can reach them in case of an accident.”

Published in: on November 2, 2015 at 6:00 am  Leave a Comment  
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Mail Service in the early West

stagecoachThe first mail service to the west was carried on horseback. It went to New Mexico territory after the Mexican American War. Mail carriers traveled from Independence, Missouri to Santa Fe.

The use of postage stamps began that same year. Previously, the person who received a letter paid the postage. Mail service was not very dependable. Senders did not want to pay for mail that might not be delivered. Paying to send a letter was like an insult. It suggested the receiver could not afford to pay for it.

Changing habits was difficult. The Post Offices began charging the receiver double for letters without stamps. In 1856 senders were required to pay the postage or the letter was not sent. Exceptions were made with the local post office ran out of stamps.

The first United States mail delivery to Denver arrived on August 10, 1860. Prior to that mail came by stage coach. A person receiving mail had to pay the stage company a fee of “two bits” for a letter and a dime for each newspaper delivered.

Published in: on August 10, 2015 at 6:00 am  Leave a Comment  
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Hosting Indians in Washington, 1870s

capitolThe many Indian delegations visiting Washington in the 1870s offered great business opportunity for hotel keepers. They often stayed a month or more and the Indian Bureau paid the expenses.

In 1873, the Board of Indian Commissioners audited charges submitted by hotel keepers.  They questioned the large amounts billed by a number of hotels. After an investigation, only one man was charged: Benjamin Beveridge. His mother operated the Washington House hotel at the corner of Third Street and Pennsylvania Avenue. Situated near the railroad station and the Capitol Building, it was a good location for Indian delegations. Benjamin ran a restaurant and saloon on the hotel’s ground floor. He catered to delegations. He obtained theater tickets and arranged a variety of outings to nearby attractions for the visiting Indians.

When the Board of Indian Commissioners examined a batch of bills Mr. Beveridge submitted in 1873, they found problems. That fall three Indian delegations had stayed at the Washington House. Benjamin’s bill for “extras” provided to those delegations totaled $1,338.65. There were tickets for the opera and outings to Mount Vernon by boat. There were also charges for cigars, lemonade, ginger ale, apples, dates, and figs. When the Board looked carefully they found, for example, a bill for 24 tickets to visit Mount Vernon plus meals for the Ute delegation. But there were only fifteen people in the party, including Indian agents and interpreters. The Board found similar problems in numbers of theater and opera tickets on Beveridge’s bill for the Cheyenne and Arapaho delegations. The auditors doubted that the Indians attended the theater and opera twenty-three times in two weeks. Sometimes the theater schedules showed they attended three different performances at the same time.

Information from Diplomats in Buckskins by Herman Viola

Published in: on August 3, 2015 at 6:00 am  Leave a Comment  
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Kindred Tales from Canada

Bull 2Kindred of the Wild: A Book of Animal Life surely delighted children in the early 1900s. Written by Charles G. D. Roberts, the book is enhanced by black and white illustrations by Charles Livingston Bull. The once white pages have mellowed to a soft ocher tone. Some, if not all, of the stories are set in Northern New Brunswick, Canada. There are tales about Indians and people living in the remote wilderness but the lives of animals are the focus.

Sir Charles George Roberts (1860 – 1943) was a Canadian poet and prose writer. His most successful works were animal stories. He drew on his own experience in rural Canada to produce over a dozen animal tales. His poetry brought him recognition as the “Father of Canadian Poetry.”

Charles Livingston Bull (1872-1923) loved to draw from an early age. His father apprenticed him to a taxidermist. At age sixteen he took a job with Ward’s Museum in Rochester, New York. From that experience he landed a job as taxidermist at the National Museum in Washington, D.C.  During his twelve years there he learned the anatomy of a wide variety of animals. To pursue his interest in drawing, he moved to New York City where he found lodging near the Bronx Zoological Gardens. He spent much of his time drawing the animals there and his work sold easily.

Old Books

GeographyOld books are intriguing, not only for their content but for the persons who may have owned them.
          One such book on my shelves is Natural Elementary Geography. It was published by the American Book Company, copyright 1897. My copy appears to be a later printing since it reports 1900 census data. Authors are Jacques W. Redway and Russell Hinman
          The Preface page notes the book is “designed for a pupil’s first text-book in the subject, and is intended for a two-year’s course between the beginning of the third and the end of the fifth school year.” You might expect this to be quite a thick volume to occupy students for two years. The 8”x 10” book has only 144 pages and there are lots of illustrations.
          Another Preface note states, “…one of the most important functions of elementary geography is to teach the names, locations, and characteristics of the countries into which man has divided the earth.”
          While the purpose was to prepare students for more intense study in higher grades, it also offered basic knowledge for “the large proportion of pupils who leave school at an early age.” (Between 1900 and 1919, half of the U.S. student population did not get to eighth grade, according to a 1995 study by Tyack & Cuban.)
          The boy who used this book wrote his name on the fly page: Raleigh Louis Poppe. He apparently had a crush on a girl named Isabella Murphy. He wrote her name beside his own several times in the front of the book.
          The back of the book offers two pages of world population data circa 1900.
          The United States had only 45 states. Arizona, District of Columbia, New Mexico and Oklahoma were territories, along with “Indian Territory.” The total population of the United States was 75,994,575.
          In addition, 91,219 people were listed as “Persons in U.S. service abroad.” (Today over 160,00 active-duty U.S. military personnel are deployed in more than 150 countries around the world.)
          Alaska, Hawaii, Porto (sic) Rico, Philippine Islands, Guam, Wake, and Tutuila, were listed as “Outlying Territories.”


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