Legend of the Springs

FountaineAt the base of Pike’s Peak is a little valley carrying a stream the old French voyageurs… named Fontaine Qui Bouille, or Boiling Fountain…[At] its source were springs which boiled forth charged with carbolic acid gas and pleasantly saturated with soda and other minerals.

These springs were held sacred by all the Indians both of the mountains and the plains because of their supposed medicinal qualities. Around [these springs] they wove traditions, as they did about most natural phenomena which they could not understand. This was supposed to be the spot where Manitou, the great spirit of all the Indians, came forth upon the earth from the happy hunting grounds. The gas bubbles in the water were thought to be his breathing.

Major Ruxton, an eccentric English Army officer…sought health by traveling in the Rocky Mountains all alone as far back as 1834…[He] found the springs filled with bead work and trinkets, left by the Indians as …offerings to Manitou. In his memoirs is found the legend that accounted for the springs.

A Comanche and a Ute…met at the springs…The Ute had killed a deer and this had aroused the jealousy of the Comanche. As the Ute stopped to drink, the Comanche leaped upon him and held his head in the stream until dead. At once the form of Manitou, an aged man with white beard, appeared out of the stream…and, with a war cry, brained the murderer. Immediately the water of that spring turned bitter.

So that his children might not have to drink of this, the great spirit smote the rocks some distance away and sweet and healing waters came forth.

All of this happened a long time ago “when the cotton woods along the big river (the Arkansas) were no larger than an arrow” and was the beginning of that feud between the Indians of the mountains and those of the plains, which lasted for centuries.

From “Shan Kive Marks Race Friendships” The Salt Lake Telegram, September 2, 1913, by Frederic J. Haskin

Published in: on February 8, 2016 at 6:00 am  Leave a Comment  
Tags: , , , , , ,

Summer Attractions Colorado 1917, South

The new Broadmoor Hotel built 1918

          “…Colorado Springs is 75 miles from Denver, reached by rail or auto in two and one-half hours. …regular fare one way from Denver to Colorado Springs is $2.25 the year around…      
          “Once the tourist has arrived at Colorado Springs he is surprised at the variety and excellence of hotel and boarding house accommodations…[T]he visitor to Colorado Springs can have from five days to one week’s board and room obtainable for from $10.00 to $12.00…”
          “Manitou, at the foot of Pike’s Peak, is six miles from Colorado Springs and is reached in 20 minutes by electric car or automobile. There are several ways of reaching the summit of Pike’s Peak. Many prefer to climb and a guide is not required.”
          “There are forenoon, afternoon, and sunrise trains on the cog road (The Manitou & Pike’s Peak Railroad). The regular fare is $5.00, round trip, and summer excursions are made for $3.00. The round trip is made in four hours…”
          “[Another] route to Pike’s Peak is by the Pike’s Peak Auto Highway which was completed in 1916. The price for this trip, in one of the Highway company’s automobiles, is $6.50….Any automobile may be driven to the top by its owner for a toll charge of $2.00 a person, minimum $4.00 a car. The distance is 30 miles each way.”
          “An attractive trip from Colorado Springs is the Wildflower excursion conducted by the Colorado Midland railroad every Thursday during the summer. The route is over Ute Pass. The trip requires one day. The round trip fare is $1.00.”
          “Pueblo, ‘The Pittsburg of the West,’ is 44 miles south of Colorado Springs and 119 miles from Denver by train or automobile…Pueblo is a thriving city of 60,000 people, the second in size in Colorado.”

Photo courtesy the Denver Public Library, Western History Collection.

Quoted text from a free promotional booklet “Colorado for the Tourist,” produced by the Union Pacific Railroad for the summer tourist season of 1917.