Pay for Indian Agency Employees

U.S. government employees working on Indian reservations received a yearly salary. It was paid quarterly–in four installments paid every three months. Following are annual salaries for government employees at the Uinta Agency, Utah in 1900.

Indian Agent  = $1,800.00 per year

Agency Clerk = $1,000.00 

Physician = $1,000.00

Miller/Engineer = $ 840.00

Sup. Irrigation = $ 840.00

Carpenter = $ 720.00

Wheelwright = $ 720.00

Blacksmith = $ 720.00

Field Matron = $ 600.00

Issue Clerk  = $ 600.00

Herder  = $ 400.00

Stableman  = $ 400.00

Blacksmith Assistant  =  $ 300.00

Interpreter = $ 200.00

Carpenter Asistant = $ 120.00

Police Captain = $ 15.00 per month

Police Private  = $ 10.00 per month

Pay rates varied by how long a person had been employed. For example, the Superintendent of Irrigation on the Uintah Reservation had a salary of $840.00 per year. The person holding the same job title on the Ouray Reservation earned $1,000.00 per year because he had been in the job longer and earned higher pay for his years of service.

Information from the Annual Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, 1900

Published in: on May 27, 2013 at 6:00 am  Leave a Comment  
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Indian Agency Employment, 1900

In the mid 1800s an Indian Agency in the West was managed by a small staff, typically an Indian Agent and a clerk. A large agency might have included a carpenter or blacksmith and two or three herders.
          By 1900, Indian Agency employment had grown considerably and included jobs for Indians. On Utah’s Uinta Reservation, for example, the twelve-man police force was staffed by tribal members.

White Staff at the Uinta Agency, 1900

Howell P. Myton, Agent 

J.A. Gogarty, Clerk               

Henry B. Lloyd, Physician         

G.H. Johnson, Wheelwright 

Sam McAfee, Carpenter

George W. Dickson, Miller/Engineer 

L.H. Mitchell, Farmer  

John Otterstedt, Blacksmith

W.S. Smith, Supervisor of Irrigation

Libbie Whitlock, Field Matron   

Indian Staff at the Uinta Agency, 1900

William Wash, Herder  

Edgar Meritats, Stableman 

Vernie Mack, Interpreter  

George Atwine, Assistant Blcksmth 

Roger Star, Assistant Carpenter    

James A. Robb, Issue Clerk      

Billy Woods, Police Captain  

Albert Chapoose, Policeman 

Tom Arrum, Policeman

Tavoopont, Policeman

Jim Atwine, Policeman

Joe Gross, Policeman

Tocumach, Policeman

Sam Robinson, Policeman

Tosey, Policeman

Sopunics, Policeman

Harry Tabley-Schutz, Policeman

Dave Weech, Policeman

Information from the Annual Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, 1900

Published in: on May 6, 2013 at 6:00 am  Leave a Comment  
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Kit Carson’s Utah Agency 1859

The Utes were often referred to as the Utahs by early day Indian Agents. On Sepember 20, 1859, Agent C. Carson (better known as Kit Carson), sent his annual report for the Utah Agency, Taos, New Mexico to the Superintendent of Indian Affairs. 
Under his charge were the “Muahuaches” and “Tobawatches,” two bands of Utes who he reported to be decreasing in number due to “disease and frequent conflicts with other warlike tribes.”
          Carson lived in this home at Taos (which survives today as a museum) whic also served as the Agency Office. The house was an 1843 wedding present for Carson’s new bride.
          “Knowing that Josefa Jaramillo was connected with a politically important family in northern New Mexico, he wanted a house that would be equal to her social standing. He was offered a house that already belonged to family members, which guaranteed that it would be suitable to her family. The union of Carson, already a famous Mountain Man and Indian Scout, with the Jaramillo family, under the 21 vigas of the three-room adobe brought an added distinction to the structure. The house would not have gained a higher distinction without the association with the Carson/Jaramillo family with the property.”

Story of the Kit Carson house from the New Mexico Tourism Department. Photo Taos Visitors Guide online. The house is a National Historic Landmark.



Published in: on February 28, 2011 at 6:00 am  Leave a Comment  
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